Two of those basic or world philosophies, idealism and realism, are derived from the traditional Greek philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. Mortimer Adler and others within the late twentieth century sometimes used the aphorism the best education for the perfect is the best education for all”. Nevertheless he was also influenced by the modern philosophy existentialism and instrumentalism.

Normative philosophies or theories of education could make use of the outcomes of such analytical work and of factual inquiries about human beings and the psychology of studying, but in any case they propound views about what education ought to be, what tendencies it ought to cultivate, why it ought to cultivate them, how and in whom it ought to accomplish that, and what kinds it should take.

While these matters actually will be, and have been, discussed with due care, typically they’ve been pursued in unfastened however spectacular language where exhortation substitutes for argumentation—and hence typically they’re mistaken for works of philosophy of education.

The critical impulse, like the analytical one, shares the characteristic of trying to clear the ground of misconceptions and ideologies, where these misrepresent the wants and interests of deprived groups; like the prescriptive impulse, the essential impulse is driven by a positive conception of a greater, extra simply and equitable, society.

Some of these programs can be used in the classroom and should help college students to memorize facts quicker, but do not promote the type of learning which the constructivists or John Dewey want to happen; this is not the type of studying that know-how should solely be used for in education.