Main Philosophies Of Education
This MA programme is unique in the UK. It is based mostly in a significant metropolis for philosophy of education and goals to present college students a comprehensive grounding in the topic. This isn’t the whole finish of classical philosophy and even of philosophy as reconstructed by Dewey; the previous aimed at the fact slightly than at the steering of practice, and the latter has different practical ends besides that of guiding the educational enterprise.
This entry has taken a distinct strategy, first, by resisting the temptation to offer a single definition or characterization of the field; and, second, by stressing not schools of thought or methodological divisions because the categories for excited about the sector, however somewhat the underlying inclinations, or impulses, that animate philosophical inquiry.
To quote one example that is prominent within the literature in North America no less than, the US Supreme Courtroom issued a ruling (Wisconsin v. Yoder) during which members of the Amish sect were allowed to withdraw their children from public schools after the eighth grade—for, it had been argued, any deeper education would endanger the existence of the group and its culture.
From Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, to main figures within the history of philosophy similar to Augustine, Aquinas, Descartes, Locke, and Mill, to twentieth-century philosophers resembling Bertrand Russell, John Dewey, R.S. Peters, and Israel Scheffler, philosophers have addressed questions in philosophy of education along with their treatments of core issues in epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of mind and language, and moral and social/political philosophy.
Israel Scheffler, who became the paramount philosopher of education in North America, produced various vital works together with The Language of Education (1960), that contained clarifying and influential analyses of definitions (he distinguished reportive, stipulative, and programmatic types) and the logic of slogans (often these are actually meaningless, and must be seen as truncated arguments).